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Encyclopedia Coal Mining

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Blocton Coal Mine Upon completion of the L&N rail line linking Nashville and the Gulf of Mexico, Jones Valley, known for its deposits of coal, iron ore, and limestone, boomed, and Birmingham earned its reputation as the "Magic City." At the same time, the Pratt Coal and Coke Company established itself as the largest mining operation in the area.

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Feb 06, 2006 · A carbonaceous fossil fuel, coal has a long history as the key energy source in the transition to industrialization, beginning in 17th-century Europe. In Canada, the history of commercial coal mining dates back nearly three centuries. Coal provided a critical energy source for early industrialization, generating steam power and coke (i.e., a manufactured, high-carbon derivative of

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Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine is called a 'pit', and the above-ground structure

Coal Mining - Encyclopedia of Arkansas

Coal Mining. Coal fields in Arkansas are located in the Arkansas River Valley between the western border of the state and Russellville (Pope County) an area only about thirty-three miles wide and sixty miles long. Until about 1880, most coal mined in Arkansas was used near its original location, often to fuel the fires of blacksmiths.

Coal | National Geographic Society

Coal mining also provides economic stability for millions of people worldwide. The coal industry relies on people with a wide range of knowledge, skills, and abilities. Jobs associated with coal include geologists, miners, engineers, chemists, geographers, and executives. Coal is an industry that is critical to countries in both the developed ...

underground coal mining | Encyclopedia

underground coal mining: see coal mining. Source for information on underground coal mining: The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. dictionary.

coal mining | Colorado Encyclopedia

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, coal mining was the most important industry in Colorado. Coal mines served as the crucibles of empire, churning out the fuel needed to power the railroads, precious-metal mines, and smelters that helped develop the region.

coal mining | Definition, History, Types, & Facts | Britannica

coal mining, extraction of coal deposits from the surface of Earth and from underground.. Coal is the most abundant fossil fuel on Earth. Its predominant use has always been for producing heat energy. It was the basic energy source that fueled the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries, and the industrial growth of that era in turn supported the large-scale exploitation of coal ...

Coal Mining in Colorado | Articles | Colorado Encyclopedia

Feb 16, 2021 · The earliest coal mining in Colorado took place in the late 1850s near the fledgling town of Denver, but industrial development of the state’s coal resources awaited the arrival of William Jackson Palmer in the late 1860s. Over the next two decades, Palmer

Coal Mining - Encyclopedia of Arkansas

Small-scale coal mining in the early 1900s at Hartford (Sebastian County). Courtesy of the Arkansas State Archives. Media.

Coal-Mining Strikes | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History ...

COAL-MINING STRIKES. The national Knights of Labor sponsored the first union in Indian Territory when they organized coal miners in 1882. As leader of the coal miners' union in Indian Territory and early Oklahoma, Peter Hanraty stressed negotiation as the means for resolving most labor conflicts, but he recognized that strikes were often ...

Mining | Encyclopedia

Mining. Mining is the process by which commercially valuable mineral resources are extracted (removed) from Earth 's surface. These resources include ores (minerals usually containing metal elements), precious stones (such as diamonds), building stones (such as

Drainage (mining) | Encyclopedia

COAL INDUSTRY. Coal is a rock that is made up mostly of carbon. Because it is combustible, it is used as a fuel that can provide light, heat, and power. Most coal was formed during the Carboniferous Period and the Permian Period, approximately 250-to 350-million years ago. Warm moist swampy areas became covered with vegetation that decomposed into peat, which in time and under pressure turned ...

mining - Encyclopedia Britannica

mining, process of extracting useful minerals from the surface of the Earth, including the seas.A mineral, with a few exceptions, is an inorganic substance occurring in nature that has a definite chemical composition and distinctive physical properties or molecular structure. (One organic substance, coal, is often discussed as a mineral as well.) Ore is a metalliferous mineral, or an aggregate ...

Coal mining - Wikipedia

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery, a coal mine is a 'pit', and ...

History of coal mining - Wikipedia

The history of coal mining goes back thousands of years, with early mines documented in ancient China, the Roman Empire and other early historical economies. It became important in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was primarily used to power steam engines, heat buildings and generate electricity. Coal mining continues as an important economic activity today ...

Osage Coal and Mining Company | The Encyclopedia of ...

The Osage Coal and Mining Company may be most remembered for the 1892 mine disaster at its Number Eleven mine in Krebs. Differing reports counted between sixty-seven to one hundred men killed and around another two hundred injured. Between 1885 and 1934 at least 144 mining deaths occurred in the course of Osage operations.

Coal mining

Coal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content and since the 1880s has been widely used to generate electricity.

Coal Mining - Earth Issues - Animal Encyclopedia

Surface mining of coal is the method resorted to by the industry when coal deposits are found just below the Earth's surface. This happens to be the most used mining methodology of coal world over and has a direct and negative effect on ecosystems, environment and wildlife of

Mining | National Geographic Society

Jan 24, 2020 · Mining is the process of extracting useful materials from the earth. Some examples of substances that are mined include coal, gold, or iron ore.Iron ore is the material from which the metal iron is produced. The process of mining dates back to prehistoric times. Prehistoric people first mined flint, which was ideal for tools and weapons since it breaks into shards with sharp edges.

Coal mining | Article about coal mining by The Free Dictionary

coal mining, physical extraction of coal resources to yield coal; also, the business of exploring for, developing, mining, and transporting coal in any form. Coal has been histori

Coal-Mining Disasters | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma ...

Bibliography. Stanley Clark, "Immigrants to the Choctaw Coal Industry," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 33 (Winter 1955–56). Philip A. Kalisch, "Ordeal of the Oklahoma Miners: Coal Mining Disasters in the Sooner State, 1886–1945," The Chronicles of Oklahoma 48 (Autumn 1970). Frederick L. Ryan, The Rehabilitation of Oklahoma Coal Mining Communities (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1935).

Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia | Coal

Coal mining can also have negative effects on the environment, causing air pollution, altering local habitats, and doing permanent soil damage. In this photograph from May 1981, former miner John Wondolski, then the mayor of Centralia, a stands near smoke being vented from the underground fire.

coal mining - Underground mining | Britannica

coal mining - coal mining - Underground mining: In underground coal mining, the working environment is completely enclosed by the geologic medium, which consists of the coal seam and the overlying and underlying strata. Access to the coal seam is gained by suitable openings from the surface, and a network of roadways driven in the seam then facilitates the installation of service facilities ...

Osage Coal and Mining Company | The Encyclopedia of ...

The Osage Coal and Mining Company may be most remembered for the 1892 mine disaster at its Number Eleven mine in Krebs. Differing reports counted between sixty-seven to one hundred men killed and around another two hundred injured. Between 1885 and 1934 at least 144 mining deaths occurred in the course of Osage operations.

Coal Industry - e-WV | The West Virginia Encyclopedia

Born in 1815 to parents who were among the first settlers in the Fairmont area, Watson learned all he could about mining coal and in 1852 organized the Montana Mining Company. He was the first operator in West Virginia to ship coal by rail, in this case the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad , which linked Baltimore and Wheeling in 1852.

Mining | Tennessee Encyclopedia

Oct 08, 2017 · Coal mining became a significant Tennessee industry only after the end of the Civil War. As late as 1840, the U.S. Census reported only two coal producers in the state. By the eve of the war the number had risen to six, with nearly 400 employees, but only $423,662 in value of production.

Coal mining - Coal transportation | Britannica

Coal mining - Coal mining - Coal transportation: There are several methods for moving prepared coal from the mine to the markets. The cost of transport can be substantial and can account for a large fraction of the total cost to the consumer. Rail transportation is by far the most common mode of hauling coal over long distances. Roadbed and track requirements and large fixed investment in ...

COAL MINING IN UTAH - Utah Education Network

T he history of coal mining in Utah is one of outside economic domination which has created a distinctive ethnic mix in the central southeastern area of predominantly Mormon Utah. The area was first controlled by major railroads, and, since World War I, increasingly by international energy companies. However, Utah's coal industry began under the aegis of the LDS Church, which reserved valuable ...

Carmichael coal mine - Wikipedia

The Carmichael coal mine is a controversial coal mine in Queensland, Australia.Owned by the Adani Group, construction began in July 2019.. The mine has drawn criticism for its claimed economic benefits, financial viability, government subsidies and environmental impacts. Broadly, these impacts have been described as its potential effect on the Great Barrier Reef, the groundwater at its site ...

Entry | mining - Encyclopedia Britannica

Other articles where Entry is discussed: coal mining: Ground control and roof support: with the design of underground entries, their widths, the distance between the entries, and the number of entries that can be driven as a set. A hierarchy of entries exists in underground coal mines. Main entries are driven so as to divide the property into major areas; they usually serve